Tips to prevent transmission of corona virus
The global spread of the corona virus means that many people will now have to take certain measures to reduce its transmission. People can take the following daily steps to protect themselves and others from this disease.
Hand washingRegular hand washing is one of the main ways to prevent transmission of the corona virus. People should use lots of soap and water to wash their hands for at least 20 seconds, especially after:
- travel by public transport
- to be in a public place
- blow your nose
Avoid touching the face
People should avoid touching their eyes, nose and mouth with their hands, especially if they are not washed. This can help limit the spread of germs and reduce the risk of disease.
The hands come into contact with several surfaces throughout the day and can thus detect viruses. A new report suggests that SARS-CoV-2 can remain on certain surfaces for up to 3 days.
If a person then touches their face, the viruses can spread to the eyes, nose or mouth and enter the body.
Limit contact with others
People should take care to avoid close contact with others – especially those who are older, sick or have symptoms of the virus.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend staying 6 feet from anyone who coughs or sneezes.
When a person coughs or sneezes, small droplets containing the virus leave the mouth and nose. Other people can then breathe in these droplets and catch any virus they may contain.
If a person lives in a community where the corona virus is present, the competent government will probably have additional instructions on how to implement social distancing. These can include:
- stay home from work or work from home
- avoid contact with anyone who is not a member of the household
- prohibiting large gatherings of people
- closure of non-essential services, including bars and restaurants
This is especially important for people at higher risk of getting seriously ill from COVID-19, such as the elderly and people with the following underlying health conditions:
- heart disease
- lung disease
People at higher risk may also need to take additional precautions, such as self-isolation while staying at home.
Staying home if unwell
If a person has mild symptoms of COVID-19, they can isolate themselves by staying at home and avoiding contact with others.
Even if a person is not sure if they have COVID-19, a cold or something else, it is better to stay inside and rest.
Calling ahead for medical attention
Anyone who has a fever, cough, or difficulty breathing in an area where an outbreak of COVID-19 should be seen by a doctor. Calling ahead of time before visiting a health care facility can help health care providers reduce the risk of spreading the virus to others.
- stay in a separate room or room
- use a separate bathroom if possible
- clean and disinfect bathroom surfaces after using them
- wear a face mask when using common areas
- do not share food and drink with people who do not have the disease
- wear gloves when cleaning and disinfecting shared surfaces.